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Phys.org / Laser bursts generate electricity faster than any other method

Take a glass thread a thousand times thinner than a human hair. Use it as a wire between two metals. Hit it with a laser pulse that lasts a millionth of a billionth of a second.

56 minutes ago in Physics
Phys.org / Teaching a machine to spot a crystal

Protein crystals don't usually display the glitz and glam of gemstones. But no matter their looks, each and every one is precious to scientists.

6 minutes ago in Physics
Phys.org / Swedes have been brewing beer since the Iron Age, new evidence confirms

Archaeologists at Lund University in Sweden have found carbonised germinated grains showing that malt was produced for beer brewing as early as the Iron Age in the Nordic region. The findings made in Uppåkra in southern ...

2 hours ago in Other Sciences
Phys.org / Encrypted messages in biological processes

RNA modifications can encrypt the RNA code and are responsible for a very sophisticated control of RNA function. A Danish-German research team has shown that modified RNA bases have a great impact on the dynamics of gene ...

2 hours ago in Biology
Medical Xpress / Researchers find important new piece in the Huntington's disease puzzle

In a new study, researchers from the University of Copenhagen have discovered a hitherto unknown error in the transport of glutamine between astrocytes and neurons in the brain of mice with Huntington's disease. At the same ...

2 hours ago in Neuroscience
Phys.org / Nearly 80 exoplanet candidates identified in record time

Scientists at MIT and elsewhere have analyzed data from K2, the follow-up mission to NASA's Kepler Space Telescope, and have discovered a trove of possible exoplanets amid some 50,000 stars.

1 hour ago in Astronomy & Space
Medical Xpress / BCG vaccine leads to long-term blood sugar improvement in type 1 diabetes patients

Long-term follow-up of participants in clinical trials of a generic vaccine to reverse advanced type 1 diabetes finds significant clinical benefits, including restoration of near-normal blood sugar levels. Three years after ...

2 hours ago in Diabetes
Medical Xpress / Human immune 'trigger' map paves way for better treatments

A discovery about how human cells are 'triggered' to undergo an inflammatory type of cell death could have implications for treating cancer, stroke and tissue injury, and immune disorders.

2 hours ago in Immunology
Phys.org / Transport of lipid-conjugated floxuridine by natural serum albumin for delivery to cancer cells

How can elimination of therapeutics from the bloodstream or their early enzymatic degradation be avoided in systemic delivery? Chinese scientists have new developed a method to bind an established cancer therapeutic, floxuridine, ...

1 hour ago in Chemistry
Phys.org / Two plant cell 'hotspots' tell the cell where to import its resources

Scientists in the Brandizzi lab are increasing our understanding of expand iconendocytosis, how plant cells import molecules from their surroundings.

1 hour ago in Biology
Phys.org / DNA barcodes that reliably work: A game-changer for biomedical research

In the same way that barcodes on your groceries help stores know what's in your cart, DNA barcodes help biologists attach genetic labels to biological molecules to do their own tracking during research, including of how a ...

4 hours ago in Biology
Phys.org / When cozying up with would-be predators, cleaner shrimp follow a dependable script

It's a mystery how cleaner shrimp partner with would-be fish predators—sometimes even climbing in their mouths—without getting eaten. A new study reveals how the shrimp convinces fish not to eat them, and the fish conveys ...

4 hours ago in Biology