Phys.org news

Phys.org / Heat-loving bacteria from an Antarctic volcano could help tackle oil contamination

A comprehensive analysis of bacterial communities from Deception Island, an active volcano in Antarctica, highlights the potential for using heat-loving bacteria to clean up oil contamination, new research led by KAUST researchers ...

27 minutes ago in Biology
Phys.org / Scientists figure out upcycling plastics to reduce greenhouse gas emissions

Scientists from the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, University of California, Santa Barbara, and Dow have developed a breakthrough process to transform the most widely produced plastic—polyethylene (PE)—into ...

27 minutes ago in Chemistry
Phys.org / Researchers use light to control magnetic fields at nanoscale

In thin, two-dimensional semiconductors, electrons move, spin and synchronize in unusual ways. For researchers, understanding the way these electrons carry out their intricate dances—and learning to manipulate their choreography—not ...

26 minutes ago in Nanotechnology
Phys.org / Do human embryos and cancer share the same starting fuse?

At the moment of fertilization, the genes in the fertilizing sperm and egg are switched off. For a new embryo to develop, they must be switched on—but how?

26 minutes ago in Biology
Phys.org / Jurassic ichthyosaurs divided food resources to co-exist, researchers find

Early Jurassic ichthyosaur juveniles show predatory specializations, scientists at the University of Bristol have revealed.

26 minutes ago in Biology
Phys.org / How do bacteria evolve in the gut over the course of a year?

Our bodies go through several changes throughout our lives. The same happens with the microbes that live with us. After all, these make up a big portion of the cells in our organism. But, in comparison with the cells that ...

1 hour ago in Biology
Phys.org / Using bifunctional ionomers as electrolytes to synthesize ethylene from carbon dioxide

Over the past century or so, human activities have led to the rapid deterioration of the environment on Earth, with detrimental effects such as climate change and a rise in atmospheric CO2. Many scientists worldwide have ...

4 hours ago in Chemistry
Phys.org / Internet cable reveals the source of underwater vibrations

Scientists have harnessed Internet-transmitting fiber-optic cables to overcome a long-standing geophysical challenge: identifying where seismic noise in the ocean originates. Tiny vibrations of Earth called microseisms are ...

1 hour ago in Earth
Phys.org / A better way to find RNA virus needles in database haystacks

A zoo once offered a coloring book featuring polar bears in winter scenes that came with crayons in various shades of white. To researchers searching for sequences of RNA viruses in large data sets, their work may be akin ...

1 hour ago in Biology
Phys.org / Flying under the radar: Multi-drug-resistant bacteria hides among gut bacteria of asymptomatic human carriers

Scientists from A*STAR's Genome Institute of Singapore (GIS) have discovered how Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE)—a multi-drug-resistant bacteria—hides among gut bacterial communities in asymptomatic human ...

1 hour ago in Biology
Phys.org / Cosmic ray protons reveal new spectral structures at high energies

Cosmic rays constitute high-energy protons and atomic nuclei that originate from stars (both within our galaxy and from other galaxies) and are accelerated by supernovae and other high-energy astrophysical objects.

1 hour ago in Astronomy & Space
Phys.org / Land tenure drives deforestation rates in Brazil

Tropical deforestation causes widespread degradation of biodiversity and carbon stocks. Researchers from the German Center of Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) and Leipzig University were now able to test the relationship ...

4 hours ago in Earth