Phys.org news

Phys.org / Examining previously unknown molecular mechanisms for environmental adaptation in plants

The Plant Physiology and Biochemistry research team at the University of Konstanz has discovered previously unknown molecular mechanisms by which plants adapt to their environment—important basic knowledge in times of climate ...

23 hours ago in Chemistry
Phys.org / Animals are key to restoring the world's forests, long-term data set reveals

As UN climate talks close in Egypt and biodiversity talks begin in Montreal, attention is on forest restoration as a solution to the twin issues roiling our planet. Forests soak up atmospheric carbon dioxide and simultaneously ...

23 hours ago in Biology
Phys.org / DNA sequence enhances our understanding of the origins of jaws

The vast majority of vertebrate species living today, including humans, belong to the jawed vertebrate group. The development of articulating jaws during vertebrate evolution was one of the most significant evolutionary transitions ...

23 hours ago in Biology
Phys.org / 'Fun' research on Cold War-era ads about flying saucers, UFOs finds themes that remain relevant today

A look at history often provides some context for the present and might even inform the future, so it's not surprising two Penn State faculty members' review of Cold War-era print and television advertisements about flying ...

23 hours ago in Other Sciences
Phys.org / Oyster reef restoration rapidly increases marine biodiversity: Study

Global assessments of historical oyster reef distribution have estimated that over 85% of oyster reefs have been lost to overfishing and coastal development. In recent decades, enormous effort has been put into developing ...

23 hours ago in Biology
Phys.org / Guess who? Chimpanzee faces reveal family relationships

Researchers from the University of St Andrews have shown for the first time that not only do wild chimpanzees tend to look like their family members, but also some relationships are easier to detect than others.

23 hours ago in Biology
Phys.org / Nascent gas giant planets may be lurking in dusty disk

Nurseries for new planets, protostellar disks are oblate swathes of gas and dust that rotate about newly formed stars. The Earth and the other planets in the solar system were birthed from such a disk.

23 hours ago in Astronomy & Space
Phys.org / Exploring how totipotency pioneer factor Nr5a2 activates the genome in zygotes

Fertilization of an egg by sperm is the beginning of new life. The maternal and paternal genetic information, that collectively store the body plan of the living being, are combined after fertilization.

23 hours ago in Biology
Phys.org / Low-traffic neighborhoods reduce pollution in surrounding streets, study shows

Low-traffic neighborhoods (LTNs) reduce traffic and air pollution without displacing the problem to nearby streets, new research has shown.

23 hours ago in Earth
Phys.org / Evidence of Higgs boson contributions to the production of Z boson pairs at high energies

The Higgs boson, the fundamental subatomic particle associated with the Higgs field, was first discovered in 2012 as part of the ATLAS and CMS experiments, both of which analyze data collected at CERN's Large Hadron Collider ...

Nov 25, 2022 in Physics
Phys.org / Using machine learning to infer rules for designing complex mechanical metamaterials

Mechanical metamaterials are sophisticated artificial structures with mechanical properties that are driven by their structure, rather than their composition. While these structures have proved to be very promising for the ...

Nov 25, 2022 in Physics
Phys.org / Covering a cylinder with a magnetic coil triples its energy output in nuclear fusion test

A team of researchers working at the National Ignition Facility, part of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, has found that covering a cylinder containing a small amount of hydrogen fuel with a magnetic coil and firing ...

Nov 25, 2022 in Physics