Medical Xpress news

Medical Xpress / Scientists develop vaccine strategy for urinary tract infections

Anyone who has ever developed a urinary tract infection (UTI) knows that it can be painful, pesky and persistent. UTIs have a high recurrence rate and primarily afflict women—as many as 50% of women will experience at least ...

Medical Xpress / Predicting microbial interactions in the human gut

The human gut consists of a complex community of microbes that consume and secrete hundreds of small molecules—a phenomenon called cross-feeding. However, it is challenging to study these processes experimentally. A new ...

2 hours ago in Gastroenterology
Medical Xpress / Why some melanoma patients do not respond to immunotherapy

By harnessing the immune system against cancer, immunotherapies have revolutionized the way some types of cancer are treated. But most patients—across cancer types—do not respond, and in most cases, scientists are at ...

2 hours ago in Oncology & Cancer
Medical Xpress / New pre-clinical SHIV remission study shows progress in delaying viral load rebound

A recent preclinical study by U.S. Military HIV Research Program (MHRP) researchers showed that an experimental therapy combining a TLR7 agonist and two broadly neutralizing antibodies delayed viral rebound in SHIV-infected ...

Medical Xpress / FDA-approved antidiarrhea drug can reverse resistance to chemotherapy in a mouse model of leukemia

New research into one of the most common and difficult cancers to treat has revealed an effective route to mitigating chemotherapy resistance through the use of a drug already approved by the FDA to treat diarrhea. The findings ...

4 hours ago in Medical research
Medical Xpress / Srudy shows how tissue's microscopic geometry affects spread of cancer

Oregon State University research has revealed a crucial mechanism behind one of humankind's most deadly physiological processes: the movement of malignant cells from one part of the body to another.

3 hours ago in Medical research
Medical Xpress / Rapid antigen testing for COVID-19: Piecing the puzzle together

A new study from Boston Children's Hospital and the Massachusetts Department of Health compared one of the latest rapid antigen tests for COVID-19—the Abbott BinaxNOW—with a highly accurate PCR test in a high-volume, ...

Medical Xpress / Mutant gene-targeted immunotherapy approach developed

A novel targeted immunotherapy approach developed by researchers at the Ludwig Center, the Lustgarten Laboratory, and Bloomberg-Kimmel Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center employs new ...

5 hours ago in Genetics
Medical Xpress / Genetic study uncovers hidden pieces of 'eye disease puzzle'

Scientists have taken a significant step forward in their search for the origin of a progressive eye condition which causes sight loss and can lead to corneal transplant.

6 hours ago in Genetics
Medical Xpress / Researchers discover balance between two protein counteracting forces in hereditary ataxias

Collaborating with the University of Oxford, Professor Ho Yin Edwin Chan's research team from the School of Life Sciences of The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) recently unveiled the counteracting relationship between ...

6 hours ago in Medical research
Medical Xpress / Could our immune system be why COVID-19 is so deadly?

Respiratory viruses such as SARS-CoV-2 (causing COVID-19) can often catalyze an overactive immune response that leads to a life-threatening cycle, known as a cytokine storm. Analyzing cytokine responses from patients infected ...

Medical Xpress / A new theory for how memories are stored in the brain

Research from the University of Kent has led to the development of the MeshCODE theory, a revolutionary new theory for understanding brain and memory function. This discovery may be the beginning of a new understanding of ...

7 hours ago in Neuroscience