Medical Xpress news

Medical Xpress / Clinical trial shows combination therapy with vitamin A is safe for patients with pancreatic cancer

A treatment combination involving the addition of a form of vitamin A to the current standard treatment regimen for pancreatic cancer is safe for patients, according to an early phase clinical trial led by Queen Mary University ...

6 hours ago in Oncology & Cancer
Medical Xpress / Study could be first step in providing personalized care to patients with ureteral stents

For patients with kidney stones, ureteral stents (hollow devices placed in the ureter—the tube between the kidney and bladder) can be used temporarily to relieve urinary obstruction. Despite the use of antibiotics, ureteral ...

Medical Xpress / A first-in-class antibody designed to prevent clotting

Researchers from Monash University have designed a novel antibody that inhibits one particular blood-borne protein to prevent clot formation, or thrombosis, without potential adverse side effects.

6 hours ago in Cardiology
Medical Xpress / Type 1 diabetes from a beta cell's perspective

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that occurs when T-cells in the immune system attack the body's own insulin-producing cells, called beta cells, in the pancreas. Usually diagnosed in children and young adults, type ...

5 hours ago in Medical research
Medical Xpress / Stem cells can repair Parkinson's-damaged circuits in mouse brains

The mature brain is infamously bad at repairing itself following damage like that caused by trauma or strokes, or from degenerative diseases like Parkinson's. Stem cells, which are endlessly adaptable, have offered the promise ...

5 hours ago in Neuroscience
Medical Xpress / Surgical, N95 masks block most particles, homemade cloth masks release their own

Laboratory tests of surgical and N95 masks by researchers at the University of California, Davis, show that they do cut down the amount of aerosolized particles emitted during breathing, talking and coughing. Tests of homemade ...

5 hours ago in Medical research
Medical Xpress / 'Scavenger' molecule may point to new atherosclerosis treatment

A small-molecule "scavenger" that reduces inflammation and formation of atherosclerotic plaque in blood vessels in mice potentially could lead to a new approach for treating atherosclerosis in humans, according to researchers ...

Medical Xpress / Novel neuroimaging study on dissociative symptoms reveals wounds of childhood trauma

Being traumatized can cause what are known as dissociative symptoms—such as experiencing amnesia, an out-of-body experience, feeling emotionally numb—which may help people cope. Experiencing these symptoms intensely or ...

11 hours ago in Psychology & Psychiatry
Medical Xpress / Insomnia, sleeping less than six hours may increase risk of cognitive impairment

Middle-aged adults who report symptoms of insomnia and are sleeping less than six hours a night may be at increased risk of cognitive impairment, according to a study by Penn State College of Medicine researchers. The results ...

5 hours ago in Health
Medical Xpress / Dried blood spot sampling offers an inexpensive way to widen access to antibody testing for COVID-19

Using dried blood spot samples (DBS) is an accurate alternative to venous blood in detecting SARS-CoV-2 antibody tests, a new study by immunology experts at the University of Birmingham has found.

Medical Xpress / Study identifies antibodies that block alphaviruses

Researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center have identified antibodies that, in animals, block infection by alphaviruses, which can cause chronic and debilitating joint pain and arthritis and are an increasing global ...

5 hours ago in Medical research
Medical Xpress / COVID-19 discovery in children may inform development of vaccines, treatments

New discoveries about the immune response made against a particular part of the COVID-19 virus in children who have the rare but dangerous multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children, or MIS-C, may have important implications ...