Medical Xpress news

Medical Xpress / New cause of diabetes discovered, offering potential target for new classes of drugs to treat the disease

Researchers at Case Western Reserve University and University Hospitals have identified an enzyme that blocks insulin produced in the body—a discovery that could provide a new target to treat diabetes.

Dec 8, 2023 in Medical research
Medical Xpress / Pasteurization reduces bioactive component of breast milk, finds study

Providing human breast milk to preterm infants is a strategy for preventing complications including necrotizing enterocolitis. Because a mother's own milk (considered the gold standard) is not always available, it is important ...

Dec 8, 2023 in Medical research
Medical Xpress / Engineers design a robotic replica of the heart's right chamber

MIT engineers have developed a robotic replica of the heart's right ventricle, which mimics the beating and blood-pumping action of live hearts.

Dec 8, 2023 in Cardiology
Medical Xpress / Copaiba oil nanoemulsion found to have antiviral potential against zika

In an article published in the journal PLOS ONE, researchers at São Paulo State University (UNESP) in Brazil describe a potential strategy for combating zika virus (ZIKV).

Dec 8, 2023 in Medical research
Medical Xpress / Study suggests link between higher prenatal PFAS exposures and offspring obesity risk in adolescence

A new Project Viva study demonstrates the impact of prenatal per- and polyfluoroalkyl substance (PFAS) exposures on children. The study, published in the December 6 issue of Environmental Health Perspectives, observed a strong ...

Dec 8, 2023 in Overweight & Obesity
Medical Xpress / Engaging heterosexual men more effectively could slash HIV infections in Uganda

A study looking at 15 years of HIV transmission and suppression in Uganda reveals how closing gender gaps in treatment could slash infection rates.

Dec 8, 2023 in HIV & AIDS
Medical Xpress / Study offers new insights into how immune cells recognize their enemies

In order for immune cells to do their job, they need to know against whom they should direct their attack. Research teams at the University of Würzburg have identified new details in this process.

Dec 8, 2023 in Immunology
Medical Xpress / New study questions effectiveness of drugs for ovarian protection during cancer treatment

A new study from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden has found no evidence that a common drug used to protect the ovaries of women undergoing chemotherapy increases their chances of having children after cancer treatment. The ...

Dec 8, 2023 in Oncology & Cancer
Medical Xpress / AI takes the reins in deep-tissue imaging

Artificial intelligence is finding more and more applications every day. One of the newest is in the biomedical field, using AI to control and drive single-molecule microscopy in ways no human can. The result is a landmark ...

Dec 8, 2023 in Radiology & Imaging
Medical Xpress / Race doesn't impact cardiovascular risk calculations, study finds

Removing race information from cardiovascular risk calculators—which predict the probability of developing heart disease—doesn't affect patients' risk scores, according to a study by Weill Cornell Medicine and NewYork-Presbyterian ...

Dec 8, 2023 in Cardiology
Medical Xpress / Researchers discover potential source of stem cells in injury-affected brains of patients

Researchers from Helmholtz Munich and the LMU have discovered that, in the case of brain injuries, specific cells in the brain become active in disease situations, exhibiting properties of neural stem cells.

Dec 8, 2023 in Neuroscience
Medical Xpress / Genomic study on ulcers in European and Asian populations could lead to new population-specific treatments

Researchers studied stomach and duodenal ulcers in a large research project comparing Japanese and European populations. They found 25 new genetic markers linked to ulcers which showed that, though these sores on the walls ...

Dec 8, 2023 in Genetics