Science X Dialog

Dialog / Atom-economy and time-economy synthesis of diclofenac sodium in a desktop micro-chemical plant

In recent years, continuous flow chemistry has evolved into a powerful platform for molecular assembly that is making an impact on organic synthetic chemistry. Unlike conventional batch method, chemical transformations are ...

Sep 21, 2022 in Chemistry
Dialog / Reusable biosensors for the detection of harmful pathogens dispersed in potable water

Drinking contaminated water can lead to waterborne diseases, threatening the lives of many. Intentional contamination of a municipal water system represents a potential target for terroristic activity because of drinkable ...

Aug 29, 2022 in Nanotechnology
Dialog / Pooling strategies can reduce the cost of COVID-19 PCR tests, even at high prevalence

Large-scale testing and contact tracing play a fundamental role in the containment of COVID-19 outbreaks. The task is nevertheless rendered difficult by the existing limitations on test analysis facilities and trained personnel. ...

Aug 26, 2022 in Medicine & Health
Dialog / Testing a transparent superhydrophobic coating on face shields for enhanced protection against COVID-19

A face shield is personal protective equipment to prevent airborne transmission of COVID-19. These face shields are made of polyethylene terephthalate (PET), which is hydrophilic. The respiratory droplets exhaled by an infected ...

Aug 11, 2022 in Physics
Dialog / Optimizing flow-induced vibrations of an elastically mounted cylinder

Fluid flow across a flexible or elastically mounted structure causes vibrations due to vortex shedding and other similar instabilities, like galloping. The flow-induced vibrations (FIV) are detrimental to structures like ...

Aug 10, 2022 in Physics
Dialog / Saturated alcohol vapor mediated colloidal deposits of an evaporating droplet on a surface

Understanding the deposition of micro- or nano-particles is central to designing innovative bioassays, biosensors, functional surfaces and ink-jet printing. An evaporating droplet containing colloidal particles results in ...

Aug 03, 2022 in Physics
Dialog / Two-dimensional alkaline-earth hydroxides for microelectronics and carbon capture

The design of microelectronic devices with two-dimensional (2D) materials is becoming more popular. But how interesting would it be to discover and use a new generation of multifunctional 2D materials for carbon capture and ...

Jul 01, 2022 in Nanotechnology
Dialog / Optical gravity model could transform geophysics, astrophysics and cosmology

A longstanding goal in physics has been to link general relativity with quantum theory and so unify the forces of nature. Theories of quantum gravity, however, are plagued by the weak theoretical foundations of quantum physics. ...

Jun 21, 2022 in Physics
Dialog / Activating cancer drugs by ultrasound signals

Have you ever thought about what makes cancer so tough to treat? Why are people still terrified when they are told they have "cancer" or a "tumor"? This question does not have a single answer since many factors contribute ...

Jun 02, 2022 in Medicine & Health
Dialog / Quantum microphone lets humans hear the advantage of quantum technologies

Online conferences have become essential to work. However, these meetings become annoying if the audio quality is noisy due to poor performance of the microphones. This is also the daily experience of hearing aid or cochlear ...

Jun 02, 2022 in Physics
Dialog / Scientists reverse notorious role of hydrogen in steel

Hydrogen has been known to be detrimental to steels since 1875. Just a few ppm of nascent hydrogen can cause large and harmful changes in the properties of steels, known as hydrogen embrittlement (HE) or hydrogen-induced ...

May 23, 2022 in Technology
Dialog / What crystal-like glass under pressure can tell us about atomic ordering

Glass was among the most expensive crafting materials before the invention of glassblowing techniques. An ancient recipe for making glass is as simple as annealing a molten mixture of silica sand and chemicals in the right ...

May 12, 2022 in Chemistry