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Medical Xpress / Progress in unlocking the brain's 'code' for depression

Clinical depression is a common psychiatric condition with often devastating consequences. A new study in Biological Psychiatry advances our fundamental understanding of the neural circuitry of depression in the human brain.

Mar 16, 2023 in Psychology & Psychiatry
Medical Xpress / A closer look at Matcha tea powder's antidepressant-like effects

Matcha, a traditional Japanese tea, has been touted for its health benefits—it can boost mood and mental performance in humans and mice alike—but more mechanistic research is required. Hence, researchers from Japan evaluated ...

Mar 16, 2023 in Psychology & Psychiatry
Medical Xpress / Are people with high social status more prone to depression?

The Alpha is the "king" of a horde of mice. While meeting another mouse in the pipeline, Alpha can scare it away with merely a glance. But one day the situation changes. With unexpected courage, the little "mouse brother" ...

Mar 16, 2023 in Psychology & Psychiatry
Medical Xpress / Memories could be lost if two key brain regions fail to sync together, study finds

Learning, remembering something, and recalling memories is supported by multiple separate groups of neurons connected inside and across key regions in the brain. If these neural assemblies fail to sync together at the right ...

Mar 15, 2023 in Neuroscience
Medical Xpress / 'Spatial Computing' enables flexible working memory

Routine tasks that require working memory, like baking, involve remembering both some general rules (e.g. read the oven temperature and time from the recipe and then set them on the oven) and some specific content for each ...

Mar 15, 2023 in Neuroscience
Medical Xpress / Learning behavior found to differ between OCD and problem gambling

Shinsuke Suzuki at The University of Melbourne, Australia reports distinct patterns of reward-seeking behavior between obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and problem gambling, in a study publishing in the open access journal ...

Mar 14, 2023 in Neuroscience
Medical Xpress / New test quickly identifies patients whose postoperative pain can be effectively treated by hypnosis

Hypnosis is an effective treatment for pain for many individuals but determining which patients will benefit most can be challenging. Hypnotizability testing requires special training and in-person evaluation is rarely available ...

Mar 14, 2023 in Surgery
Medical Xpress / Early CTE disease process found to be mechanistically different than what occurs in late stages

Millions of people, including athletes who play contact sports, members of the military and victims of domestic violence, are exposed to repetitive head impacts (RHI), which is the primary risk factor for developing chronic ...

Mar 13, 2023 in Genetics
Medical Xpress / How heavy alcohol consumption increases brain inflammation

For people with alcohol use disorder (AUD), there is a constant, vicious cycle between changes to the brain and changes to behavior. AUD can alter signaling pathways in the brain; in turn, those changes can exacerbate drinking.

Mar 6, 2023 in Neuroscience
Medical Xpress / How false vaccine rumors take hold

Rumors spread faster than ever nowadays thanks to social media, and it is easy to get carried away. Some people are also inherently more vulnerable to conspiracy theories. However, skeptics' concerns should be addressed, ...

Mar 6, 2023 in Psychology & Psychiatry
Medical Xpress / Brains with compromised 'trust settings' a warning sign of lurking depression

Just as computer devices acting differently can hint at the possibility of malware lurking in the background, changes in brain patterns that shape trust behavior can warn of depression even if symptoms are still in stealth ...

Mar 6, 2023 in Psychology & Psychiatry
Medical Xpress / How the brain creates your taste in art

It has been said that there is no accounting for taste. But what if taste can actually be accounted for, and what if the things doing the accounting are the neural networks inside your brain?

Feb 27, 2023 in Neuroscience